Types of Squirrels
There are several species of squirrels. These include Flying, Gray, and Fox Squirrels.
Their normal habitat is inside hardwood tree cavities. They are smaller than the gray squirrel, so they can enter the smallest of cracks and holes. They weigh only about 3 ounces as an adult, are about 9 inches long, which includes a 3-4 inch tail. They have a dense soft brown fur and a white belly.
The flying squirrels don’t really fly, but glide. Often this means they glide into attics from trees. They have a thin skin that extends out from the sides of the body and connects the front and hind legs. They leap, spread their legs to stretch the skins so they can glide, and use their bushy tails for guidance. Experts have recorded glides of 200 feet or more.
Flying squirrels are more active at night and can enter the attic through small cracks in the eaves and soffits. They often chewing to create a wider entry point.
They normally have 2 litters a year, with about 2-4 young per litter. They will seek shelter and a hiding place, and often hide in the insulation of attics. When trapping for these squirrels, you should place the traps in the attic, where they are commonly found.
Larger than flying squirrels, gray squirrels are about 18 inches long, including their 9 inch tails. They will weigh as much as 1 to 1.5 lbs. as an adult. Their color is usually gray, salt and pepper, with tan hairs in the fur, as well a white belly.
Red squirrels are smaller, lighter, have ear tufts, prominent in the winter coat but brown on the legs and tail. Their natural habitats are wooded areas in tree cavities, often can be found in hardwoods like oaks and hickory trees. They will construct feeding shelters, “nests,” out of leaves.
Gray and red squirrels will generally have 2 litters a year, with about 2-4 young per litter. They breed in midwinter and late spring with a gestation is about 44 days.
Their diet consists of bird eggs, insects, berries, fruit, vegetables, nuts and nestling birds. These squirrels like to hoard their food and will bury acorns, walnuts, and other nuts.
These red and gray squirrels are active during the day, but are sometimes active during the night. They like attic areas and crawl spaces. They will enter your home from gutters and nearby trees and bushes.